Lesson 4 – Expressing your likes and dislikes

learn romanian

Street Conversation IV

I was always curious what people like about Romania and today I found out.

 

Sergiu: Îţi place România?

Do you like Romania?

Market Girl: Da.

Yes.

Sergiu: Ce-ţi place?

What do you like.

Market Girl: *Cluju’

Cluj.

Sergiu: Mersi. Da, Cluju’**-i foarte ***fain.

Thanks. Yes, Cluj is very beautiful.

*Regional version of ‘Clujul’.

**Regional version of ‘este’.

***Regional version of ‘frumos’.

In Transylvania there are a few differences to how we conjugate the verb ‘to be’ .

Instead of Eu, ei, ele sunt, we can say Io, ei, ele îs.

Instead of El, ea este, we can say El, ea îi.

Suntem, sunteți can be pronounced as Sânteți and sântem.

But those are ugly stuff, do NOT talk like that! 🙂

Grammar IV

Personal Pronouns

Today we will have to learn the dative personal pronouns as they will allow us to express ourselves when talking about things we like. These have 2 forms, long and short.

 

Mie, îmiTo me
Ție, îțiTo you
Lui, îi and ei, îiTo him, to her
Nouă, neTo us
Vouă, văTo you
Lor, leTo them

Verbs

The verb to like – a plăcea heavily uses what you just learned a second ago.

 

(Mie) îmi placeI like
(Ție) îți placeYou like

Homework: Fill in the blanks for the missing rows (Hint: the word ”place” does not change).

Adjectives

The main rule you need to know for adjectives is that they change according to gender and number.

In English you say that you are busy no matter if you are two guys, two girls, one guy one girl or one guy and one girl. In Romanian we have the following forms:

One guy can say: Sunt puternic. (Masculine singular form)

One girl can say: Sunt puternică. (Feminine singular form)

One or more guys along with 0 or more girls can say: Suntem puternici. (Masculine plural form)

Two or more girls can say: Suntem puternice. (Feminine plural form)

Ă, i and e are the main additions when you need to change the adjective. So whenever you see an adjective it’s most likely going to add ă to form feminine singular, i to form masculine plural and e to form feminine plural.

In the key vocabulary section, you can find the masculine singular form of the adjective first and in the parenthesis you will find the other three forms.

Dialogue IV

 

Sergiu: Îți place România?

Do you like Romania?

Daniela: Da. Îmi place.

Yes. I like it.

Sergiu: Ce îți place?

What do you like?

Daniela: Mâncarea românească.

Romanian food.

Sergiu: Da, e gustoasă.

Yes, it’s tasty.

Key Vocabulary IV

 

Da – Yes

Foarte – Very

Mersi – Thanks

Fain – Beautiful (Fem. Sg. Faină) (Masc. Pl. Faini) (Fem. Pl. Faine) (Transylvanian word)

Ce – What

Mâncare – Food (mâncarea means the food)

Românesc – Romanian (Românească is the feminine form)(Românești is the plural form used both for feminine and masculine objects)

Gustos – Tasty (Fem. Sg. Gustoasă) (Masc. Pl. Gustoși) (Fem.Pl. Gustoase)

Next Lesson

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