Street Conversation IV
I was always curious what people like about Romania and today I found out.
Sergiu: Îţi place România?
Do you like Romania?
Market Girl: Da.
Sergiu: Ce-ţi place?
What do you like.
Market Girl: Cluju’*
Sergiu: Mersi. Da, Cluju’-i** foarte fain***.
Thanks. Yes, Cluj is very beautiful.
*Regional version of ‘Clujul’.
**Regional version of ‘este’.
***Regional version of ‘frumos’.
In Transylvania there are a few differences to how we conjugate the verb ‘to be’ .
Instead of Eu/ei/ele sunt, we can say Io/ei/ele îs.
Instead of El/ea este, we can say El/ea îi.
Suntem, sunteți can be pronounced as sânteți and sântem.
But they look ugly, do NOT talk like that! 😉
Today we will have to learn the dative personal pronouns as they will allow us to express ourselves when talking about things we like. These have 2 forms, long and short.
|Mie, îmi||To me|
|Ție, îți||To you|
|Lui, îi and ei, îi||To him, to her|
|Nouă, ne||To us|
|Vouă, vă||To you|
|Lor, le||To them|
The verb a plăcea (to like) heavily uses what you just learned a second ago.
|(Mie) îmi place||I like|
|(Ție) îți place||You like|
Homework: Fill in the blanks for the missing rows (Hint: the word place does not change).
The main rule you need to know for adjectives is that they change according to gender and number.
In English you say that you are strong no matter if you are two guys, two girls, one guy one girl or one guy and one girl. In Romanian we have the following forms:
One guy can say: Sunt puternic. (Masculine singular form)
One girl can say: Sunt puternică. (Feminine singular form)
One or more guys along with 0 or more girls can say: Suntem puternici. (Masculine plural form)
Two or more girls can say: Suntem puternice. (Feminine plural form)
Ă, i and e are the main additions when you need to change the adjective. So whenever you see an adjective it’s most likely going to add ă to form feminine singular, i to form masculine plural and e to form feminine plural.
In the key vocabulary section, you can find the masculine singular form of the adjective first and in the parenthesis you will find the other three forms.
Sergiu: Îți place România?
Do you like Romania?
Daniela: Da. Îmi place.
Yes. I like it.
Sergiu: Ce îți place?
What do you like?
Daniela: Mâncarea românească.
Sergiu: Da, e* gustoasă.
Yes, it’s tasty.
*E is the short form of the present tense third person of the verb to be, the Romanian este (is).
Key Vocabulary IV
Da – Yes
Foarte – Very
Mersi – Thanks
Fain – Beautiful (Fem. Sg. Faină) (Masc. Pl. Faini) (Fem. Pl. Faine) (Transylvanian word)
Ce – What
Mâncare – Food (mâncarea means the food)
Românesc – Romanian (Românească is the feminine form)(Românești is the plural form used both for feminine and masculine objects)
Gustos – Tasty (Fem. Sg. Gustoasă) (Masc. Pl. Gustoși) (Fem.Pl. Gustoase)
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